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Madrigals The Triumphs of Oriana, to 5. and 6 voices:
composed by diuers seuerall aucthers.

Newly published by Thomas Morley Batcheler of Musick, and one of the gentlemen of his maiesties honorable Chappell. 1601. In London printed by Thomas Este, at the assigne of Thomas Morley. Cum priuilegio Regiae Maiestatis.
The Triumphs of Oriana - Notes, Comments and Recordings

This is a book of 25 madrigals by 23 composers. Two madrigals were set by Thomas Morley himself.
It was published in 1601 and one piece, 'XXI. Fair Oriana, seeming to wink at folly,' was set by Robert Jones.
Three of the other madrigal composers were John Wilbye, Thomas Weelkes and John Milton (*father of the great poet) and in 1614 these madrigalists joined Robert Jones in contributing songs to Sir William Leighton's The Tears and Lamentations of a Sorrowful Soul.

Many have speculated that these madrigals were meant for Queen Elizabeth I. John Milsom, in the liner notes to the 'I Fagiolini' CD of the Triumphs Of Oriana, gives us the light of new research into the origins of these Oriana madrigals. Milsom gives evidence that argues against these madrigals being meant for Queen Elizabeth I, but the 'I Fagiolini' CD still boasts a portrait of the aging queen on its front cover.

Most fascinating is Milsom's suggestion that poet-dramatist John Lyly was behind this madrigal book. Bond in his biography of John Lyly has suggested (without much evidence) that John Lyly was the author of many of the anonymous texts set to music by Robert Jones. John Lyly was involved in child theatre troupes in the late 1590's and perhaps these are the same troupes that evolved into the troupe that we know Robert Jones was involved with in 1615. Thus there is some circumstantial evidence that links Robert Jones to John Lyly. Milsom's suggestion adds to that evidence and Robert Jones's involvement in The Triumphs Of Oriana madrigal book seems to also support John Lyly's involvement in the book.

All of the Madrigals in the book end with the lines (or lines close to) "Then sang the shepherds and Nymphs of Diana: Long Live Fair Oriana."

There are two recordings of all the songs of this book that I can list.

The Triumphs Of Oriana by Pro Cantione Antiqua (1977), on Polydor International (stereo 437076-2). The Madrigal by Jones 'Fair Oriana, Seeming To Wink At Folly' is track 22 as this CD follows the order of the book.
Pro Cantione Antiqua are; James Bowman, Paul Eastwood, James Griffett, Ian Partridge, Brian Etheridge, David Thomas with Jennifer Smith, Leonie mitchell.

'Triumphs Of Oriana Compiled by Thomas Morley' - by I Fagiolini I Fagiolini is directed by Robert Hollingworth and the performers are David Miller (Lute), William Purefoy and nine others. The releace date was (March 26?), 2002
This CD does not follow the order of the book and they have added a couple of Galliards by Antony Holborne and other lute solos. The Madrigal by Jones 'Fair Oriana, Seeming To Wink At Folly' is track 13.

The Triumphs of Oriana - Publishing History

1601. The original book was printed by Thomas East in 1601 in London. "two editions of it appeared in 1601, and at least one more followed soon after" (**p. 11 - I Fagiolini CD)

1913 1923. The madrigals were edited by Edmund H. Fellowes for Strainer & Bell and in each composer's 'madrigal volume' of The English Madrigalists Series, he inserted that composer's madrigal from The Triumphs Of Oriana. For example Robert Jones's Oriana madrigal is in his First Set of Madrigals The English Madrigalists Volume 35A of the Series. (0979 6) printed in London by Stainer & Bell.

1962. Edited by Edmund H. Fellowes and revised by Thurston Dart. The English Madrigalists, Volume 32. London: Stainer & Bell,

- P. T. Connolly



Triumphs Of Oriana - Songs and Composers

1. Hence Stars Too Dim Of Light - Michael East (c.1580 - 1648)
*"Michael East's "Hence Stars Too Dim Of Light" had to be left unnumbered, with an apologetic note by the printer that he had placed it "before the rest" rather than omit it"


2. I. With Angel's Face And Brightness - Daniel Norcombe (1576 - before 1626)
(see note on 21 George Kirbye)
3. II. Lightly She Whipped O'er The Dales - John Mundy (1529 - ?1591)
4. III. Long Live Fair Oriana. (Hark did you ever hear?) - Ellis Gibbons (1573?- 1603)
Ellis Gibbons (not to be confused with Orlando Gibbons who composed two pieces for Sir William Leighton's The Tears and Lamentations of a Sorrowful Soul) composed two pieces.
5. IV. All Creatures Now Are Merry Merry-Minded - John Bennett (c. 1575 - 80 fl. 1599 - 1644)
6. V. Fair Oriana, Beauty's Queen - John Hilton (? - c. 1606)
7. VI. The Nymphs And Shepherds Danced - George Marson (c. 1573 - 1632)
8. VII. Calm Was The Air And Clear The Sky - Richard Carlton (c. 1558? - 1638)
9. VIII. Thus Bonny-boots The Birthday Celebrated - John Holmes (? - 1629)
10. IX. Sing, Shepherds All - Richard Nicholson (fl. 1595: - d. 1639)
11. X. The Fauns And Satyrs Tripping - Thomas Tomkins (1572 - 1656)
12. XI. Come, Gentle Swains And Shephards' Dainty Daughters - Michael Cavendish (1565 - 1628)
Cavendish ... entirely reworked the "Oriana" madrigal which he had published in his Ayres of 1598 ...
13. XII. With Wreaths Of Rose And Laurel - William Cobbold (1560 - 1639)
14. XIII. Arise, Awake, Awake - Thomas Morley (1557/8 - 1602)
15. XIV. Fair Nymphs, I Heard One Telling - John Farmer (fl. 1570 - 1601)
16. XV. The Lady Oriana - John Wilbye (fl. 1574 - 1638)
17. XVI. Hark! Did Ye Ever Hear So Sweet A Singing? - Thomas Hunt (fl. c. 1600)
18. XVII. As Vesta Was From Latmos Hill Descending - Thomas Weelkes (1576 - 1623)
19. XVIII. Fair Orian In The Morn - John Milton (c. 1563 - 1647)
20. XIX. Round About Her Charret, With All-admiring Strains - Ellis Gibbons
21. XX. With Angel's Face And Brightness - George Kirbye (? - 1634)
*"Kirbye's contribution proved to be on the same text as Daniel Norcombe 'With Angel's Face And Brightness'; Morley fitted a new text to the music ('Bright Phoebus greets'), but in the second edition of The Triumphs he restored the originalwords ... "

22. XXI. Fair Oriana, Seeming To Wink At Folly - set by Robert Jones (fl. 1597 - 1617)

FAIR ORIANA, SEEMING TO WINK AT FOLLY

Fair Oriana, Seeming To Wink At Folly,
Lay softly down to sleeping.
But, hearing that the world was grown unholy,
Her rest was turned to weeping.
So waked, she sighed, and with crossed arms
Sat drinking tears for others harms.
Then ang the nymphs and shepherds of Diana:
Long Live Fair Oriana.

XXI. Fair Oriana, Seeming To Wink At Folly - Notes, Comments and Recordings

It seems to me that Jones intended to be a Madrigalists after he finished his third book his U in 1605.

I don't profess to be an expert on Madrigals but given that E. H. Fellowes said, Jones "was scarcely in the second rank of English Madrigalists" and David Brown's negative comments in The New Grove Dictionary it is a rather big achievement for this Jones madrigal to share a CD called "Madrigal Masterpieces" with Monteverdi.

As well as this madrigal being on the two recordings of all the Madrigals of the 'Triumphs of Oriana' a recording of this song is on the CD;

Madrigal Masterpieces-Vol. 3 by Deller Consort on the VANGUARD CLASSICS Label (Catalog #2544) recorded Oct 17, 2000? Composer: Jacques Arcadelt, Guillaume Costeley, Carlo Gesualdo, Robert Jones, Luca Marenzio, Claudio Monteverdi, Pierre Passereau, Cipriano de Rore
The Madrigal by Jones 'Fair Oriana, Seeming To Wink' is track 16. It is the only Robert Jones song on the CD.

Patrick Thomas Connolly - August, September 2002.



23. XXII. Fair Cytherea Presents Her Doves - John Lisley (?)
24. XXIII. Hard By A Crystal Fountain - Thomas Morley
25. XXIV. Come, Blessed Bird - Edward Johnson (fl. 1572 - 1601)

* Richard Luckett - liner notes to The Triumphs Of Oriana CD by Pro Cantione Antiqua, 1977. The dates of the composers are also from this CD.

** John Milsom, in his liner notes to 'The Triumphs Of Oriana Compiled by Thomas Morley' - by I Fagiolini. Directed by Robert Hollingworth - Chaconne digital, Chan 0682. Chaconne records LTD. Colchester Esses, England. Releaced in 2002.

Information on the CDs 'Madrigal Masterpieces-Vol. 3' and 'Triumphs Of Oriana by Fagiolini,I' CDNOW web site at cdnow.com/cgi-bin/mserver.

'Music and Letters' v.7-8 1927 "The Text Of The Song-Books Of Robert Jones - E. H. Fellowes"

Brown, David. "Jones, Robert. The New Grove Dictionary London Macmlllan, 1980. IX:703-04.